Guidelines for Editors in case of Suspected Fabricated Data in Manuscript
When a peer reviewer detects potentially manipulated or fabricated data in a research text/paper during the review process, they promptly inform the editor. The editor then thanks the reviewer and requests written proof to enable appropriate action. The editor also asks a second peer reviewer to verify the allegation. Once convinced, the editor contacts the author for an explanation, without directly accusing them.
The author may either respond or remain silent